Penang is a Malaysian state located on the northwest coast of Peninsular Malaysia, by the Strait of Malacca. Malaysia is located in Southeast Asia with neighbouring Thailand in the North and Singapore in the South. Penang Island is located 5km off the west coast of Malaysia, about 2 hrs drive from the Malaysian/Thai border.
Penang has an equatorial climate that is uniformly warm and humid throughout the year. The average minimum and maximum temperatures range from 23 C to 32 C. There are no recognisable hot or cold seasons as such and the mean annual rainfall of approximately 267cm is evenly distributed throughout the year, although September to November may be considered the wettest months. The rain does not significantly affect the temperature and the rain falls as showers rather than as prolonged downpour.
The population of Penang is 1,902,116 as of 2016.
Penang Island has a population of 711,102 in 2016 and a density of 2,372 people per square kilometre. Penang Island is the most populated island in Malaysia and has the highest population density in the country.
Seberang Perai is the hinterland portion of Penang, populated by 906,077 people in the 2016, and has a density of 1,086 people per square kilometre.
As of 2015, this small island consists of 41.5% Chinese, 41.7% Malays, 10.0% Indians and the rest will be other races.
The official religion is Islam, but there is freedom of worship. There are numerous mosques, Christian churches and Buddhist and Hindu temples.
The common languages in Penang are Malay, Mandarin, English, Penang Hokkien and Tamil.
Penang has it all: rich history, fun beaches, beautiful resorts, diverse culture and delicious food.
Penang is a beautiful place, rich in culture, history, vibrancy and race.
As the Pearl of the Orient, Penang has been listed as one of the best places for medical tourism in 2016.
This city attracted approximately half of the nation's medical tourist arrivals in 2013 and generated about 70% of Malaysia's medical tourism revenue. About 1,000 patients arrive on Penang Island daily, mostly from Asian countries such as Indonesia, Singapore and Japan.
The success of Penang's medical tourism industry is mainly due to the specialised medical treatments offered at more affordable costs by the numerous private hospitals on Penang Island, coupled with well-trained professionals and advanced equipment. Indirect factors include the low cost of living, the laid-back lifestyle and the ease of travel facilitated by the relatively well-developed logistical infrastructure.
Penang has 2 parts : Penang Island and Province Wellesley (Seberang Perai), a strip on the mainland. The island is separated from the mainland and they are connected with a bridge. The Penang Bridge (13.5km) - completed in August 1985, Penang Second Bridge (24km) - completed in March 2014 as well as Ferry services link the island to the mainland.